Marine Protected Area Systems: Striving for Sustainability


Time Table

Guideline Questions for Panelists


As isolated small-scale projects are not sufficient to ensure the survival of species or entire ecosystems, more comprehensive strategies such as national action plans or networks of MPAs have been developed and partially implemented to protect coral reefs and associated ecosystems. Panel four analyses such initiatives at different levels: The first three contributions present national frameworks and action plans from Mozambique and Eritrea. The following three papers are devoted to regional initiatives involving several countries, including a network of MPAs in the Red Sea and various Eastern African regional initiatives. Finally, at an even larger scale CORDIO, a network of community managed marine reserves (WRI), and a global approach suggested by WWF will be presented.

The contributions will help to identify and discuss the challenges which are specific for international initiatives such as creating institutions for intergovernmental co-ordination and developing mechanisms for monitoring and conflict resolution.


Time Table

Tuesday, 20th June




Title of Presentation

14:00 – 14:15

Motta, Helena


A framework for the management of coral reefs and associated coastal ecosystems in Mozambique

14:15 – 14:30

Tsehaye, Iyob


The need for a protected area system in fisheries and biodiversity management, an Eritrean case.

14:30 – 14:45

Tesfa-hiwet, Mussie


National marine biodiversity strategy and action plan of Eritrea.

14:45 – 15:05

Younis, Mohammed

Saudi Arabia

Development of a network of MPAs in the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden

15:05 – 15:35                                             DISCUSSION

15:35 – 15:50                                                  COFFEE

15:50 – 16:10

Odada, Eric O.


Contribution of coastal and marine sectors to sustainable development in eastern Africa.

16:30 – 16:50

Wells, Sue

IUCN, Kenya

*IUCN initiatives concerning MPAs

16:10 – 16:30

NN (representative)


CORDIO, East Africa

16:50 – 17:10

Parks, John

World Resource Institute

Testing the conservation utility of small-scale, temporary marine reserve networks in the Indo-pacific.

17:10 – 17:30

Cribbs, Simon


Marine conservation at the scale of the large marine ecosystem: encouraging representative networks of marine protected areas.

17:30 – 18:00                                           DISCUSSION

18:00 – 18:20                           SUMMARY AND SUGGESTIONS

* Title to be confirmed by author.

Guideline Questions for Authors

·        Who are the actors, stakeholders or interest groups (local communities, commercial users, researchers, development agencies, practitioners, state agencies) in the practical case under consideration?

§         How are these stakeholders involved (specific interests and extent of involvement) in the protection and/or sustainable use of the marine resources in the practical case being discussed?

§         What are the legal framework conditions at the community, regional, national, (and international) level which influence marine resource management?

§         How are the legal frameworks at these various levels created (or modified) and implemented?

§         Which role(s) do formal and informal political and administrative institutions, and social networks play in enhancing the creation of networks of MPAs?

§         How do the different governments get involved, at what level and to what extent?

§         What specific roles do they play towards enhancing protection and sustainable use?

·        Which mechanisms and incentives are created for sustainable use and protection? What are the socio-economic implications of the management regime in the case under consideration?

§         At the national level (national action plans)?

§         At interregional/international levels (regional/international networks of MPAs)?

§         What are the main constraints and possible deterrents to the success of the international network being discussed? (in view of an integrated network systems comprising: small scale projects ® national action plans ® international/interregional network of MPAs?).

·        Which success factors, best practices, design principles, and lessons learned can be derived from the reported cases? To what extent can these insights be applied to other regions / countries?

Field Trip

Wednesday, 21st June, 2000

Start: 08: 00 am

I.     Kisite National Park

II.   Diani Beach: Meeting with four chiefs of fishing communities

Bring your ABC-Equipment!

Workshops and Closing Session

Thursday, 22nd June, 2000

  9:00 – 9:25: Khan, Nuzrat Yar/ Kuwait: Imperatives for integrated coastal management

  9:25 – 9:45: Formation of Working Groups

  9:50 – 12:30: Working Group Session

12:30 – 14:00: LUNCH

14:00 – 15:30: Presentation of Results of Working Groups

15:30 – 15:40: COFFEE

15:40 – 16:00: Conclusions: Heidi Wittmer

16:00 – 16:30: Closing Remarks: Director of KMFRI