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SUMMARY: NESTED  FIELD  CONSTR  METHOD  DETAIL: FIELD  CONSTR  METHOD 
java.lang.Object de.grogra.graph.impl.Edge de.grogra.graph.impl.Node de.grogra.imp3d.objects.Null de.grogra.imp3d.objects.ShadedNull de.grogra.imp3d.objects.Sky
public class Sky
Nested Class Summary 

Nested classes/interfaces inherited from class de.grogra.graph.impl.Node 

Node.AccessorBridge, Node.FieldAttributeAccessor, Node.NType 
Nested classes/interfaces inherited from interface de.grogra.util.Map 

Map.Chain 
Field Summary  

static Node.NType 
$TYPE

static Node.NType.Field 
powerDensity$FIELD

Fields inherited from class de.grogra.imp3d.objects.ShadedNull 

INFINITE_MASK, interior, interior$FIELD, shader, shader$FIELD, treatedAsInfinite$FIELD, USED_BITS 
Fields inherited from class de.grogra.imp3d.objects.Null 

transform, transform$FIELD, TRANSFORMING_MASK, transforming$FIELD 
Fields inherited from class de.grogra.graph.impl.Node 

ADDITIONAL_FIELDS, bits, DELETED, EXTENT_BIT, EXTENT_MASK, extentIndex$FIELD, extentTail$FIELD, HAS_OBSERVERS, IS_INTERPRETIVE, isInterpretive$FIELD, LAST_EXTENT_INDEX, layer$FIELD, MARK, mark$FIELD, MIME_TYPE, MIN_UNUSED_SPECIAL_OF_SOURCE, MIN_UNUSED_SPECIAL_OF_TARGET, name$FIELD 
Fields inherited from interface de.grogra.ray.physics.Light 

AMBIENT, AREA, DIRECTIONAL, NO_LIGHT, POINT, SKY 
Fields inherited from interface de.grogra.ray.physics.Scattering 

DELTA_FACTOR, IS_NON_OPAQUE, MIN_UNUSED_FLAG, NEEDS_NORMAL, NEEDS_POINT, NEEDS_TANGENTS, NEEDS_TRANSFORMATION, NEEDS_UV, RANDOM_RAYS_GENERATE_ORIGINS 
Fields inherited from interface de.grogra.util.Map 

DEFAULT_VALUE, EMPTY_MAP 
Constructor Summary  

Sky()

Method Summary  

void 
accept(LightVisitor visitor)

double 
completeRay(Environment env,
Point3d vertex,
Ray out)

float 
computeBSDF(Environment env,
Vector3f in,
Spectrum specIn,
Vector3f out,
boolean adjoint,
Spectrum bsdf)
Evaluates bidirectional scattering distribution function for given input. 
double 
computeExitance(Environment env,
Spectrum exitance)
Evaluates the exitance function for given input. 
RaytracerLeaf 
createRaytracerLeaf(java.lang.Object object,
boolean asNode,
long pathId,
GraphState gs)

void 
draw(java.lang.Object object,
boolean asNode,
RenderState rs)

void 
generateRandomOrigins(Environment env,
RayList out,
java.util.Random rnd)
Pseudorandomly generates, for the given input, a set of origins for this emitter. 
void 
generateRandomRays(Environment env,
Vector3f out,
Spectrum specOut,
RayList rays,
boolean adjoint,
java.util.Random rnd)
Pseudorandomly generates, for the given input, a set of scattered rays. 
int 
getAverageColor()
Returns an average color for the scattering entity. 
int 
getFlags()

int 
getLightType()
Determines the type of light source which is represented by this light. 
protected Node.NType 
getNTypeImpl()
This method returns the Node.NType which describes the managed
fields of the class of this node. 
float 
getPowerDensity()

double 
getTotalPower(Environment env)
Computes the total power of this light source which is emitted to the region defined by env.bounds . 
boolean 
isIgnoredWhenHit()
Determines whether the light source shall be ignored when a shot ray happens to hit the geometry of the light source. 
boolean 
isShadowless()
Determines whether the light source casts shadows or not. 
protected Node 
newInstance()
This method returns a new instance of the class of this node. 
void 
pick(java.lang.Object object,
boolean asNode,
Point3d origin,
Vector3d direction,
Matrix4d t,
PickList list)
Computes intersections of a given ray with this shape. 
void 
setPowerDensity(float value)

Methods inherited from class de.grogra.imp3d.objects.ShadedNull 

getInterior, getShader, getSymbolColor, isTreatedAsInfinite, setBackShader, setColor, setColor, setFrontShader, setInterior, setMaterial, setShader, setShaders, setTreatedAsInfinite 
Methods inherited from class de.grogra.imp3d.objects.Null 

getLocalTransformation, getTransform, getTranslation, isTransforming, postTransform, preTransform, setRotation, setScale, setTransform, setTransform, setTransform, setTransform, setTransform, setTransform, setTransform, setTransform, setTransforming, setTranslation 
Methods inherited from class de.grogra.graph.impl.Edge 

addEdgeBits, getBitMark, getEdgeBits, getObjectMark, getSpecialEdgeDescriptor, parseEdgeKeys, remove, removeEdgeBits, setBitMark, setEdgeBits, setObjectMark, testEdgeBits 
Methods inherited from class java.lang.Object 

equals, finalize, getClass, hashCode, notify, notifyAll, wait, wait, wait 
Methods inherited from interface de.grogra.persistence.PersistenceCapable 

getBitMark, getObjectMark, setBitMark, setObjectMark 
Field Detail 

public static final Node.NType $TYPE
public static final Node.NType.Field powerDensity$FIELD
Constructor Detail 

public Sky()
Method Detail 

public void accept(LightVisitor visitor)
public double completeRay(Environment env, Point3d vertex, Ray out)
completeRay
in interface Emitter
public float computeBSDF(Environment env, Vector3f in, Spectrum specIn, Vector3f out, boolean adjoint, Spectrum bsdf)
Scattering
The computed spectrum is an integral over the spectrum of the following product:
env.point
,
ω_{i} the (negated) direction of the incoming light ray,
ν_{i} the frequency where the incoming ray is sampled,
ω_{o} the direction of the outgoing light ray,
ν_{o} the frequency where the outgoing ray is sampled,
and θ the angle between the surface normal and out
.
If adjoint
is false
, in
and
out
describe true light rays from light sources to sensors.
In this case, ω_{i} = in
,
ω_{o} = out
, and the integral is
bsdf
(ν) = cos θ ∫ BSDF(in
, ν_{i};
out
, ν) specIn
(ν_{i}) dν_{i}
adjoint
is true
. in
and
out
then describe importance rays (inverse light rays
from sensors to light sources). In this case,
ω_{i} = out
,
ω_{o} = in
, and the integral is
bsdf
(ν) = cos θ ∫
BSDF(out
, ν;
in
, ν_{o}) specIn
(ν_{o}) dν_{o}
If this Scattering
instance is in fact a
Light
source, adjoint
is false
,
and the BSDF is defined as BSDF(in
, μ; ω, ν)
= L^{1}(ω, ν) δ(μ  ν),
i.e., the directional distribution
of the emitted radiance at env.point
, see Emitter
.
In this case, in
is not used.
If this Scattering
instance is in fact a
Sensor
, adjoint
is true
,
and the BSDF is defined as BSDF(ω, ν; in
, μ)
= W^{1}(ω, ν) δ(μ  ν),
i.e., the directional distribution
of the emitted importance at env.point
, see Emitter
.
In this case, in
is not used.
The computation should be physically valid. This excludes, e.g., ambient or emissive light contributions.
The returned value
is the value of the probability density p_{ω}
that would be calculated by Scattering.generateRandomRays(de.grogra.ray.physics.Environment, javax.vecmath.Vector3f, de.grogra.ray.physics.Spectrum, de.grogra.ray.util.RayList, boolean, java.util.Random)
if
the ray happened to be one of the randomly generated rays.
computeBSDF
in interface Scattering
env
 the environment for scatteringin
 the (negated) direction unit vector of the incoming ray
(i.e., pointing away from the surface)specIn
 the spectrum of the incoming rayout
 the direction unit vector of the outgoing ray
(i.e., pointing away from the surface)adjoint
 light ray or importance ray?bsdf
 the computed spectrum of the outgoing ray will be placed in here
public double computeExitance(Environment env, Spectrum exitance)
Emitter
env.point
in case of light sources, or the
corresponding function W^{0}_{j}(x, ν) in case
of sensors.
The returned value
is the value of the probability density p_{x}
that would be calculated by Emitter.generateRandomOrigins(de.grogra.ray.physics.Environment, de.grogra.ray.util.RayList, java.util.Random)
if
env.point
happened to be one of the randomly generated
origins.
computeExitance
in interface Emitter
env
 the environment for scatteringexitance
 the exitance values will be placed in here
public RaytracerLeaf createRaytracerLeaf(java.lang.Object object, boolean asNode, long pathId, GraphState gs)
createRaytracerLeaf
in interface Raytraceable
public void draw(java.lang.Object object, boolean asNode, RenderState rs)
draw
in interface Renderable
public void generateRandomOrigins(Environment env, RayList out, java.util.Random rnd)
Emitter
At first, we consider the case where the emitter is in fact a light source. Let L(x, ω, ν) be the emitted spectral radiance for the frequency ν at the light's surface point x in direction ω. The radiant exitance (emitted spectral power per area) at x is defined as
rays.size
). Then
for a function f(x, ν) which is to be
integrated over the light surface, the sum
Now if the emitter is a sensor, let W(x, ω, ν) be the emitted spectral importance for frequency ν at the sensors's surface point x in direction ω. The quantities W^{0}(x, ν) and W^{1}(x, ω, ν) are defined similarly to the case of light sources:
Let p_{x} be the probability density used for the ray
origin, then the field originDensity
is set to p_{x}(o_{i}) for each ray.
For emitters which are concentrated at a single point
(e.g., point lights) p_{x} is not
a regular function, the value originDensity
will
be set to a multiple of Scattering.DELTA_FACTOR
.
The ray properties which are not mentioned in the given formulas are neither used nor modified. These are the direction and its density.
generateRandomOrigins
in interface Emitter
env
 the environmentout
 the outgoing rays to be generatedrnd
 pseudorandom generatorpublic void generateRandomRays(Environment env, Vector3f out, Spectrum specOut, RayList rays, boolean adjoint, java.util.Random rnd)
Scattering
adjoint
is false
,
out
= ω_{o} describes
the direction of an outgoing light ray.
In this case, the integration is with respect to ω_{i}.
Let g(ω, ν; out
, μ)
= BSDF(ω, ν; out
, μ)
adjoint
is true
. In this case,
out
= ω_{i} describes
the direction of an outgoing importance ray (an inverse light ray).
Now the integration is with respect to ω_{o}.
Let g(ω, ν; out
, μ)
= BSDF(out
, μ; ω, ν)
rays.size
). Then, for every
frequency ν the sum
out
, μ)
specOut
(μ) dμ dω
If this Scattering
instance is in fact a
Light
source, adjoint
is true
,
and the BSDF is defined as BSDF(out
, μ; ω, ν)
= L^{1}(ω, ν) δ(μ  ν),
i.e., the directional distribution
of the emitted radiance at env.point
, see Emitter
.
In this case, out
is not used.
If this Scattering
instance is in fact a
Sensor
, adjoint
is false
,
and the BSDF is defined as BSDF(ω, ν; out
, μ)
= W^{1}(ω, ν) δ(μ  ν),
i.e., the directional distribution
of the emitted importance at env.point
, see Emitter
.
In this case, out
is not used.
Let p_{ω} be the probability density
used for the ray direction (measured with respect to
solid angle ω),
then the field directionDensity
of the ray i
is set to p_{ω}(d_{i}).
For ideal specular reflection or transmission, or for directional
lights or sensors, p_{ω} is not
a regular function, the value directionDensity
will
be set to a multiple of Scattering.DELTA_FACTOR
.
The ray properties which are not mentioned in the given formulas are neither used nor modified. These are the origin and its density.
generateRandomRays
in interface Scattering
env
 the environment for scatteringout
 the direction unit vector of the outgoing ray
(i.e., pointing away from the surface)specOut
 the spectrum of the outgoing rayrays
 the rays to be generatedadjoint
 represents out
a light ray or an importance ray?rnd
 pseudorandom generatorScattering.computeBSDF(de.grogra.ray.physics.Environment, javax.vecmath.Vector3f, de.grogra.ray.physics.Spectrum, javax.vecmath.Vector3f, boolean, de.grogra.ray.physics.Spectrum)
public int getAverageColor()
Scattering
getAverageColor
in interface Scattering
public int getFlags()
getFlags
in interface Scattering
public int getLightType()
Light
getLightType
in interface Light
Light.NO_LIGHT
, Light.POINT
, Light.AREA
,
Light.DIRECTIONAL
, Light.SKY
, Light.AMBIENT
.protected Node.NType getNTypeImpl()
Node
Node.NType
which describes the managed
fields of the class of this node. This method has to be implemented
in every concrete subclass.
getNTypeImpl
in class ShadedNull
public float getPowerDensity()
public double getTotalPower(Environment env)
Light
env.bounds
. Note that the computed
value is not necessarily exact: It should be used just as a hint, e.g.,
when one of a set of lights has to be chosen randomly on the basis of
their relative power.
getTotalPower
in interface Light
env
 environment which defines the bounds of the scene
env.bounds
isIgnoredWhenHit
public boolean isIgnoredWhenHit()
 Description copied from interface:
Light
 Determines whether the light source shall be ignored when a shot ray
happens to hit the geometry of the light source.
 Specified by:
isIgnoredWhenHit
in interface Light
 Returns:
true
iff the light source shall be ignored
isShadowless
public boolean isShadowless()
 Description copied from interface:
Light
 Determines whether the light source casts shadows or not.
 Specified by:
isShadowless
in interface Light
 Returns:
true
iff the light source does not cast shadows
newInstance
protected Node newInstance()
 Description copied from class:
Node
 This method returns a new instance of the class of this
node. This method has to be implemented in every concrete subclass.
 Overrides:
newInstance
in class ShadedNull
 Returns:
 new instance of class of this node
pick
public void pick(java.lang.Object object,
boolean asNode,
Point3d origin,
Vector3d direction,
Matrix4d t,
PickList list)
 Description copied from interface:
Pickable
 Computes intersections of a given ray with this shape.
 Specified by:
pick
in interface Pickable
 Parameters:
object
 the object of which this shape is an attributeasNode
 true
iff object is a nodeorigin
 the origin of the ray, in local coordinatesdirection
 the direction of the ray, in local coordinatest
 the transformation from local coordinates to world coordinateslist
 the list to which intersections have to be added
setPowerDensity
public void setPowerDensity(float value)
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SUMMARY: NESTED  FIELD  CONSTR  METHOD
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