German Journal of Psychiatry ISSN 1455-1033
2000, Vol. 3, Supplement 1, S6
Formal aspects of everyday-worries. Preliminary analyses of worries of
patients with Generalized Anxiety Disorders, Depression, and other anxiety disorders.
T. Bär, D. Zubrägel, M. Linden
Freie Universität Berlin, Department of
Background: Formal aspects of worry are important for the psychotherapeutic
treatment and theoretical considerations of psychiatric disorders, especially
Generalized Anxiety Disorders (GAD). Although it is known that worry also is an
important symptom in depressive disorders, only few studies examine
worry-characteristics in depressive patients.
Method: A questionnaire measuring formal aspects of everyday-worry (frequency,
intensity, controllability, worry-chains, perception as reasonable, internal and
external attributions) in five situations was developed. The questionnaire was
given to patients with GAD (n=30), depression (n=22), other anxiety disorders
(n=21) and persons without psychiatric disorders (n=20).
Results: Preliminary data analyses show equal amounts of worry-frequency,
intensity, worry-chains and controllability between GAD-patients and depressive
patients. GAD-Patients had higher levels of internal attributions and perceived
their worries to be less reasonable than persons without psychiatric disorders.
Levels of external attributions for worry in specific situations did not
meaningfully differ between the observed groups. Patients with other anxiety
disorders also had slightly higher values in worry-frequency, intensity,
uncontrollability and worry-chains than persons without psychiatric disorders.
Discussion: Formal aspects of worry did not differ between GAD-patients and
depressive patients. Further investigations concerning the role of worry in
these disorders are promising. To some extent, worry may also be a
disorder-related problem in other anxiety disorders than GAD.